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大叔身戴一串“佛珠”鉴宝,专家失控劝诫:快点摘下来

随着人们生活水平的提高,开始具有更广泛的爱好,例如旅行,然后收藏!可以说古董是收藏的最高级别,其种类也多种多样。但是今天想和大家说的是一个信奉佛教的大叔戴珠子参加藏宝鉴定。仔细看过之后,专家立即建议大叔:快点把它拿走!为什么是这样? (此处

黄龙玉最初人称。它有着田黄般的颜色、翡翠的硬度,硬度好、透度高、色彩鲜艳丰富。由于其产在龙陵,又以黄色为主色,故最终得名为黄龙玉。目前,从鉴赏角度可分为“原生黄龙玉”和“雕件黄龙玉”两种。

黄龙玉主要产自云南省保山市龙陵县小黑山自然保护区及周边的苏帕河流域,距离缅甸翡翠产区非常近,同属于亚欧板块和印度洋板块相互挤压而成的滇缅宝玉石成矿带。

在中华传统文化中,“黄如金、红如血、白如冰、乌如墨”,黄色在中国文化中为最尊贵和最神秘的色彩,为皇室与宗教专用。中国人一直致力于黄色玉石的寻觅,几千年来却一无所获,以至于田黄石一出世即被封为石帝,黄龙玉是继新疆和田玉、缅甸翡翠之后发现的优质的玉种,一种品质极高的玉种。其硬度堪比翡翠,其质地细腻且晶莹剔透,为皇家和显贵专宠,而田黄石一直未被称为玉,是因为其硬度远远低于传统意义上玉石的硬度,即要高于摩氏硬度5,而田黄的硬度只有2.5左右。因为它的出现弥补了从古至今缺少黄、红色玉种的缺憾,集富贵、图腾、华美于一身,尽显王者风范。“盛世兴,美玉出”,以黄、红两色为主色调,与国旗、国徽颜色不谋而合的黄龙玉惊艳问世,更有着特殊的象征意义,注定为华夏玉文化的发扬光大开辟一片新天地。黄龙玉的发现正填补了这一空白,圆了中国人万年的梦想.

藏品介绍

中文名称:黄龙玉玉玺

英文名称:Yellow dragon jade seal

规格:一枚

类别:玉器

品相:美品

2015年9月3日,是中国第二个法定的“中国人民抗日战争胜利纪念日”,也是首个决定放假的抗战胜利纪念日。为隆重纪念中国人民抗日战争暨世界反法西斯战争胜利70周年,2015年3月国务院专门发布活动通知,活动的主题是“铭记历史、缅怀先烈、珍爱和平、开创未来”,并对纪念活动作出总体安排。

抗日战争的胜利,是近代以来中华民族第一次取得完全胜利的反侵略战争和民族解放战争,是20世纪中国和世界历史上的重大事件,也是战争史上的奇观。中国人民抗日战争是世界反法西斯战争的重要组成部分,是世界反法西斯战争的东方主要战场。

庆祝抗战胜利,中华民族解放万岁,刻有主席肖像,顶端镂雕双龙戏珠立体雕件,下部为方形的玉玺,底部刻有章款,四面刻有红色题材。

万里长城永不倒,长城(The Great Wall),又称万里长城,是中国古代的军事防御工事,是一道高大、坚固而且连绵不断的长垣,用以阻隔敌骑的行动。长城不是一道单纯孤立的城墙,而是以城墙为主体,同大量的城、障、亭、标相结合的防御体系。

长城修筑的历史可上溯到西周时期,发生在首都镐京(今陕西西安)的著名典故“烽火戏诸侯”就源于此 。春秋战国时期列国争霸,互相防守,长城修筑进入第一个高潮,但此时修筑的长度都比较短。秦灭六国统一天下后,秦始皇连接和修缮战国长城,始有万里长城之称。明朝是最后一个大修长城的朝代,今天人们所看到的长城多是此时修筑。

长城资源主要分布在河北、北京、天津、山西、陕西、甘肃、内蒙古、黑龙江、吉林、辽宁、山东、河南、青海、宁夏、新疆等15个省区市。其中河北省境内长度2000多千米,陕西省境内长度1838千米 [8-16] 。根据文物和测绘部门的全国性长城资源调查结果,明长城总长度为8851.8千米,秦汉及早期长城超过1万千米,总长超过2.1万千米。

1961年3月4日,长城被国务院公布为第一批全国重点文物保护单位 [18] 。1987年12月,长城被列入世界文化遗产。

底部四字篆书,书写精美,干净利落,有着皇家风范,一看就是价值不菲的宝玺。黄龙玉是一种极具收藏和投资的玉种。在黄龙玉收藏界中有收藏石料雕刻的,也有收藏天然原石的,虽说“玉不琢,不成器”,但是经历几亿年漫长岁月大自然打磨出的精致美丽,是人类艺术加工永远无法比拟的。古人李白有句话“清水出芙蓉,天然去雕饰”,玉石的原石赏玩就是贵在自然天成,这便是玉石玩赏的最高境界,在黄龙玉的天然原石中也出现过极品奇石。黄龙玉作为原石观赏的价值便在于:一是其本身具有极高的观赏及把玩价值;二是可作为上等玉料传世。

这枚黄龙玉玉玺,红色题材,造型优美,玉质上等,附有鉴定证书,重量为7公斤,是以玉玺的标准制作,大气十足,为当下收藏精品,根据2015年1月15日,央视财经《经济半小时》记者来到了位于云南省保山市龙陵县小黑山东南角的团坡村,这里采挖出来的黄龙玉被称为团坡料。团坡料石因稀少和有着中国水墨山水画意境,这几年价格一路飙升,倍受追捧。

景泰蓝诞生600年间一直作为帝王专享的宫廷艺术,从未走出皇宫,但凡与皇家沾边的艺术品均价值不菲,比如官窑,宫廷字画等,不断在市场上拍出天价。而景泰蓝,作为一门纯正的皇家艺术,由于深锁宫门,反而知道的藏家更少,因此长期处于一个价值地位,但无论是在本身价值上,还是未来升值空间上,相对于瓷器、书画极近顶峰的价格,景泰蓝堪当收藏界奔驰的黑马。

梅瓶也称"经瓶",最早出现于唐代,宋辽时期较为流行,并且出现了许多新品种。近代许之衡在《饮流斋说瓷》一书中详细地描述了梅瓶的形制、特征及名称由来:"梅瓶口细而颈短,肩极宽博,至胫稍狭,抵于足微丰,口径之小仅与梅之瘦骨相称,故名梅瓶。"关于梅瓶的用途,磁州窑白地黑花梅瓶器腹有“清沽美酒”与“醉乡酒海”的诗句。梅瓶既是酒器,又是一件令人爱不释手的观赏品。因此,这类器多制作精美,不但考虑到贮酒容量,还要注意造型优美。

藏品介绍

中文名称:景泰蓝梅瓶

英文名称:Cloisonne vase

规格:一枚

类别:杂项

品相:美品

这一面是凤凰纹:凤凰,亦作“凤皇”,古代传说中的百鸟之王。雄的叫“凤”,雌的叫“凰”,总称为凤凰,亦称为丹鸟、火鸟、鶤鸡、威凤等。常用来象征祥瑞,凤凰齐飞,是吉祥和谐的象征,自古就是中国文化的重要元素。

凤凰和龙的形象一样,愈往后愈复杂,最初在《山海经》中的记载仅仅是“有鸟焉,其状如鸡,五采而文,名曰凤皇”,甚至还有食用的记载,《大荒西经》:“沃之野,凤鸟之卵是食, 甘露是饮”, 《证类本草》云“诸天国食凤卵,如此土人食鸡卵也”, 宋代凤髓被列为八珍之一。 而到最后却有了麟前鹿后,蛇头鱼尾,龙文龟背,燕颌鸡喙,成了多种鸟兽集合而成的一种神物。

自秦汉以后,龙逐渐成为帝王的象征,帝后妃嫔们开始称凤比凤,凤凰的形象逐渐雌雄不分,整体被“雌”化。

凤凰共有五种,即五凤,《小学绀珠》卷十:“凤象者五,五色而赤者凤;黄者鹓鶵;青者鸾;紫者鸑鷟,白者鸿鹄”,现代网络有为今人谎造、讹传的版本,以朱雀为凤凰中赤者,实为大错。

淮南子》:“羽嘉生飞龙,飞龙生凤皇,凤皇生鸾鸟,鸾鸟生庶鸟,凡羽者生于庶鸟。”认为凤凰是飞龙之子,但《大藏经》有:“羽嘉生应龙。应龙生凤凰”,认为凤凰是应龙后裔。

这面是牡丹花纹,整个工艺已经是登峰造极,牡丹花过渡自然,有浓有淡胜过粉彩,给人富贵之意,尽显奢华。

牡丹富贵:清代赵世学在《牡丹富贵说》中提到:牡丹有王者之号,冠万花之首,驰四海之名,终且以富贵称之。夫既称呼富贵,拟以清洁之莲,而未合也;律以隐逸之菊,而未宜也。甚矣,富贵之所以独牡丹也。

梅瓶是传统名瓷,梅瓶是一种小口、短颈、丰肩 、瘦底、圈足的瓶式,以口小只能插梅枝而得名。因瓶体修长,宋时称为“经瓶”,作盛酒用器,造型挺秀、俏丽,明朝以后被称为梅瓶。

景泰蓝又叫掐丝珐琅,是一种瓷铜结合的独特工艺。制作景泰蓝先要用紫铜制胎,再用扁细的铜丝在铜胎上粘出图案花纹,然后用色彩不同的珐琅釉料镶嵌填充在图案中。这道工序完成后才是反复烧结,磨光镀金。可以说,景泰蓝的制作工艺既运用了青铜工艺,又利用了瓷器工艺,同时又大量引进了传统绘画和雕刻技艺,堪称中国传统工艺的集大成者。

这件景泰蓝梅瓶,品相完美寓意吉祥,牡丹富贵,凤凰一飞天下宁,而且整个瓶身描金如意云纹,整件器物雍容华贵,工艺精湛,是一件十分难得的馆藏级藏品,具有极高的收藏经济价值。

和田玉,“中国四大名玉”之一(其三为陕西蓝田玉、辽宁岫玉和河南独山玉)。传统狭义范畴特指新疆和田地区出产的玉石,以和田“子料”为代表闻名于世;广义的和田玉指软玉(真玉)。和田玉虽然因新疆和田而命名,但其本身不是地域概念,并非特指新疆和田地区出产的玉,而是一类产品的名称。中国把透闪石成份占98%以上的石头都命名为和田玉,都在国标范围内。[1-6]

秦始皇统一中国的时候,和田玉因产于昆仑山被称为“昆山之玉”,以后又因位于“于阗国”境内而被称为“于阗玉”。直到清光绪九年(1883年)设立和田直隶州时,才被正式命名为“和田玉”。 [7]

和田玉中的名品,是珍藏于陕西历史博物馆的西汉国宝级文物“皇后之玺”,其质地为新疆和田羊脂玉,是迄今唯一的汉代皇后玉玺,为首批禁止出国(境)展览文物 [8-12] 。2008年北京奥运会会徽徽宝“中国印”,也是采用新疆和田玉作为材料。 [13-18]

和田玉属镁质大理岩与中酸性岩浆岩接触交代而形成的变质岩,内含透闪石、角闪石、阳起石等多矿物集合体,化学成分是含水的钙镁硅酸盐,化学式为Ca2(Mg,Fe2+)5[Si8O22](OH)2,密度为2.95—3.17,摩氏硬度在6.0—6.5之间。 [19]

长期以来,学术界对和田玉是按产地来划分还是按矿物成分来划分存在很大争议,2013年12月17日和2014年1月,中国国家标准管理委员会和全国标准样品技术委员会批准发布了国家标准GSB 16-3061-2013《和田玉实物标准样品》,正式确定——“和田玉实物样品国家标准不论产地,一律按其矿物成分来界定。

藏品介绍

中文名称:和田玉痕都斯坦双环耳盖瓶

英文名称:Hetian Yuxian double ring ear cap bottle

规格:一件

品相:美品

痕都斯坦玉器其实就是回教玉器或伊斯兰玉器。痕都斯坦玉器在清朝的宫廷中是非常名贵而特别的一种,精美绝伦。痕都斯坦本为清代对北印度的称谓,而痕都斯坦玉器则泛称宫中所藏中亚等地区的玉器。

钱币收藏如何做好保值增值

黎元洪像开国纪念壹圆光头 PCGS MS 62 ,估价: RMB 20000,成交价格: RMB 92400 人民生活水平的提升,越来越多的人会选择投资的形式来获得更多的收益。无论是哪一种投资形式,都会存在一定的风险性。 袁世凯像共和纪念壹圆普通 NGC MS 62 ,估价: USD 5000

痕都斯坦玉器在清朝的宫廷中是非常名贵而特别的一种,用精美绝伦来形容一点也不为过。痕都斯坦本为清代对北印度的称谓,而痕都斯坦玉器则泛称宫中所藏中亚等地区的玉器。有一种说法,“痕都斯坦”这个地名是乾隆亲自核定的。  由于乾隆皇帝非常爱玉,因此朝廷为制玉所投入的人力、物力超过历史上的任何一位君王。乾隆本人不仅收藏玉器,而且亲自参与鉴别,对于得到的珍贵之器,每每要题诗赞咏。根据清宫档案记载,乾隆亲自过问玉作的技术力量的选配,在他的直接倡导下,宫廷内许多画家为玉作进行图稿设计,使玉雕的艺术表现力得到高度的发展。正因为如此,乾隆时代出现了许多精美的玉雕作品,而且有些还借鉴了痕都斯坦玉的雕琢方法,使得玉器形制表现更加艺术化。

这件盖瓶采用的是扁瓶的型为身,上下四龙耳四圆环,与底部螭龙相互呼应,瓶身画有凤凰纹,可以看到尾巴极长,头顶有凤毛,上图的和田整体温润有如凝脂,入手温润释手存温,表面形成和田玉特有的包浆,多处出现玻璃光泽,这是由于纯手工打造,一件玉器需耗费大量的时间,成品做好后表面极其光滑已经形成类似包浆的光泽,玻璃光泽甚感温润,把玩可静其心,观赏可提升雅兴。

这三件藏品件件精品,雍容华贵,十分大器,无论是作为观赏,收藏都是属于高端收藏,刘益谦就说过,收藏品就需要收藏贵的,稀有的,人民币贬值,而藏品一直在升值,如今提倡文化兴国,这几件藏品是极佳的精神粮食,而且品相完美,具有极高的经济收藏价值。

英文翻译:Huanglong jade was originally called. It has the color of tian Huang, jadeite hardness, good hardness, high penetration, colorful rich. Because it is produced in longling, and yellow as the main color, so finally named huanglong jade. At present, from the perspective of appreciation can be divided into "original topaz jade" and "carved topaz jade" two.

Huanglong jade is mainly produced in Xiaoheishan Nature Reserve in Longling County, Baoshan City, Yunnan Province and the surrounding Supa River basin. It is very close to the jade producing area in Myanmar and belongs to the Yunnan-Burma Precious jade metallogenic belt formed by the extrusion of Eurasian plate and Indian Ocean plate.

In traditional Chinese culture, "yellow is like gold, red is like blood, white is like ice, and black is like ink". Yellow is the noblest and most mysterious color in Chinese culture, and is reserved for royalty and religion. The Chinese have been committed to the search for yellow jade, but nothing for thousands of years, so that Tian Huang Shi was immediately sealed as the stone emperor, huanglong jade is found after xinjiang Hetian jade, myanmar jade, a kind of high quality jade species. Its hardness is comparable to jadeite, its texture is exquisite and glittering and translucent, for the royal and noble special favor, and Tian Huangshi has not been called jade, because its hardness is far lower than the traditional meaning of jadeite hardness, that is, higher than Mohs hardness 5, and tian Huang's hardness is only about 2.5. Because of its appearance, it makes up for the lack of yellow and red jade from ancient times to now. It is rich, totem and gorgeous in one, showing the king's demeanor to the full. "Prosperous world, beautiful jade", yellow, red color as the main color, and the national flag, the national emblem of huanglong amazing appearance, but also has a special symbolic significance, destined to open up a new world for the development of Chinese jade culture. The discovery of Huanglong jade is filling this blank, round the dream of the Chinese people for ten thousand years.

The collection is introduced

Chinese name: Yellow Dragon jade Seal

English name: Yellow Dragon Jade Seal

Specification: one coin

Category: Jade

Appearance: Beautiful

September 3, 2015, is China's second statutory "Victory Day of the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression", is also the first decided to holiday victory Day. In order to solemnly commemorate the 70th anniversary of the victory of the Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression and the World Anti-Fascist War, the State Council issued a notice on the event in March 2015. The theme of the event was "To remember the history, commemorate the martyrs, cherish peace and create the future", and made overall arrangements for the commemorative activities.

The victory of the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression was the first complete victory of the Chinese nation against aggression and the war of national liberation in modern times. The Chinese People's War of Resistance Against Japanese Aggression is an important part of the World Anti-Fascist War and the main eastern battlefield of the World anti-Fascist War.

To celebrate the victory of the War of Resistance against Japanese Aggression, long live the liberation of the Chinese nation, engraved with the portrait of the President, engraved on the top of the three-dimensional sculpture of two dragons playing with beads, the lower part of the square jade seal, engraved on the bottom of the seal, engraved on all sides of the red theme.

The Great Wall will never fall down. The Great Wall, also known as The Great Wall, is an ancient Chinese military fortification. It is a tall, strong and continuous long Wall used to block The movement of The enemy. The Great Wall is not simply an isolated wall, but a defensive system with walls as the main body, combined with a large number of cities, barriers, pavilions and landmarks.

The history of building the Great Wall can be traced back to the Western Zhou Dynasty, and it is the origin of the famous allusion to the "show fire and play princes" in the capital Haojing (now Xi 'an, Shaanxi province). During the Spring and Autumn period and the Warring States Period, the kingdoms fought for hegemony and defended each other. After qin destroyed the six states and unified the world, Qin Shi Huang connected and repaired the Great Wall of the Warring States period, beginning to have the name of the Great Wall. The Ming Dynasty was the last dynasty in which the Great Wall was overbuilt. Most of the Great Wall that people see today was built during this period.

Great Wall resources are mainly distributed in 15 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities, including Hebei, Beijing, Tianjin, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Gansu, Inner Mongolia, Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Shandong, Henan, Qinghai, Ningxia and Xinjiang. Hebei province is more than 2,000 km long, and Shaanxi Province 1,838 km long [8-16]. According to the national Great Wall Resources survey conducted by the Department of Cultural Relics, Surveying and Mapping, the Ming Dynasty Great Wall has a total length of 8,851.8 kilometers, and the Qin and Han Dynasties and early Periods have more than 10,000 kilometers with a total length of more than 21,000 kilometers.

On March 4, 1961, the Great Wall was announced by the State Council as one of the first national key cultural relics protection units. In December 1987, the Great Wall was listed as a World Heritage site.

The bottom four character seal character, the writing is exquisite, is neat, has the royal style, looks is the valuable precious seal. Huanglong jade is a kind of jade that has great collection and investment. In the field of huanglong jade collection, there is a collection of stone carving, also a collection of natural stone, although "the jade is not cut, not polished", but after hundreds of millions of years of nature polished delicate beauty, human art processing will never be able to match. The ancients Li Bai has a saying, "clear water out lotus, natural to carve ornaments", the jade of the original stone is noble in nature, this is the highest realm of jade, huanglong jade in the natural original stone also appeared the best strange stone. The ornamental value of huanglong jade as a raw stone lies in: first, it has a very high ornamental and ornamental value; Second, it can be handed down as the finest jade.

This Huang Longyu decree, red theme, the modelling is exquisite, the jade quality, with appraisal certificate, weighs 7 kg, is the decree of standard production, atmosphere, for the collection, according to January 15, 2015, CCTV's financial economy and a half hours, reporters came to the southeast yunnan longling county, baoshan city small Montenegro slope village, the mass of slope excavation of here Huang Longyu called group. The price of tuanpo stones has soared in recent years due to its scarcity and the artistic conception of Chinese ink landscape paintings.

For 600 years since its birth, Cloisonne has been a kind of palace art exclusive to emperors, but it has never gone out of the palace. However, all the artworks close to the royal family are of great value, such as the imperial kilns, palace calligraphy and paintings, etc., which are constantly being sold at high prices on the market. Cloisonne, as a pure royal art, has been in a position of value for a long time due to the fact that fewer collectors are known due to its deep lock on the palace gate. However, in terms of its own value and future appreciation space, compared with the price of porcelain, painting and calligraphy near the peak, cloisonne is worthy of being a dark horse in the field of collection.

Plum vase, also known as Jing Vase, first appeared in the Tang Dynasty, became popular in the Song and Liao dynasties, and many new varieties appeared. In modern times, Xu Zhicheng described in detail the shape, characteristics and the origin of the name of the plum bottle in the book "Porcelain for Drinking Flow Zhai" : "The mouth of the plum bottle is thin, the neck is short, the shoulder is very broad, the shank is narrow, and the foot is slightly rich. The diameter is small only in proportion to the thin bone of the plum, so the name plum bottle. As for the use of plum bottle, there are verses such as "Clear wine" and "sea of wine" in the belly of the white ground black plum bottle in Cizhou Kiln. Plum bottle is not only a wine utensil, but also an irresistible ornamental object. Accordingly, this kind of implement makes delicate more, not only take into account storage wine capacity, pay attention to modelling to be graceful even.

The collection is introduced

Chinese name: Cloisonne Vase with plum blossom

Cloisonne Vase

Specification: one coin

Category: Miscellaneous

Appearance: Beautiful

On this side is the phoenix pattern: Phoenix, also known as "Phoenix Emperor", the king of hundreds of birds in ancient legends. Male of call "chicken", female is called the "burn", always known as phoenix, also called Dan bird, firebird, neuromancer chicken, chicken, etc. Often used to symbolize auspiciousness and phoenix flying together, it is a symbol of auspiciousness and harmony and has been an important element of Chinese culture since ancient times.

The image of the phoenix and dragon, became more complex, and the original records in shanhaijing is just "how a bird, its shape, such as chicken, five mining and text, called feng huang", even to eat, "wild scriptures" : "in the wild, eggs of the phoenix bird is food, drink nectar is", "the card type of materia medica" cloud "the kingdom of heaven to eat chicken eggs, chicken eggs so native food", the song dynasty chicken marrow is listed as one of the eight Jane. In the end, however, after the deer, the snakehead, the fishtail, the back of the dragon, and the beak of the swallow jaw have become a kind of sacred objects of various birds and beasts.

Since the Qin and Han Dynasties, the dragon gradually became the symbol of the emperor. The concubines of emperor and empress began to call phoenix phoenix. The image of phoenix was gradually divided into male and female, and the whole was "female".

There are five kinds of phoenixes, namely, five phoenixes. Volume 10 of cyanosis of Primary school: "Phoenixes are five, red and five-colored; Yanchu of the Huang; Qing luan; Purple zhuo, white Hongju ", the modern network has jinren lie, legends version, to zhuo as the red in the phoenix, it is a big mistake.

"Huainan Zi" : "Yujia gave birth to the flying dragon, the flying dragon gave birth to the phoenix Emperor, the Phoenix Emperor gave birth to the luan bird, the bird gave birth to the common bird, all feathers are born from the common bird. The phoenix is believed to be the son of the flying dragon, but "Yu Jia Sheng Ying Long" is said in the Great Canon of Tibetan Buddhism. Yinglong born Phoenix ", the phoenix is the descendant of Yinglong.

This is the peony pattern. The whole process has reached its peak. The peony flowers are transitional and natural.

Peony Riches and honour: Zhao Shixue in the Qing Dynasty mentioned in the Theory of Peony Riches and Honour that peony has the title of king, the first of all flowers, and the name of the world. Husband called riches and honour, to clean the lotus, but not closed; The law to recluse chrysanthemum, but not appropriate. Very yi, riches and honour alone peony also.

Plum vase is a traditional famous porcelain vase with small mouth, short neck, abundant shoulders, thin bottom and round feet. It is named for its small mouth that can only hold plum branches. Due to its slender body, the bottle was called "Jing Bottle" in the Song Dynasty. It was used as a wine container with a graceful and handsome shape. After the Ming Dynasty, it was called Plum bottle.

Cloisonne, also known as silk enamel, is a unique process of combining porcelain and copper. To make cloisonne, we first use a red copper tire, then use flat fine copper wire to stick a pattern on the copper tire, and then use different colors of enamel glaze inlay fill in the pattern. After the completion of this process is repeated sintering, polishing gold. It can be said that the cloisonne technique not only used the bronze technique, but also made use of the porcelain technique. At the same time, a large number of traditional painting and sculpture techniques were introduced. It can be said that the cloisonne technique can be regarded as the master of traditional Chinese techniques.

This cloisonne vase is a perfect vase with auspicious appearance, rich peony and phoenix flying in the world. Besides, the vase is painted with ruyi cloud pattern, elegant and exquisite workmanship. It is a rare collection with high economic value of collection.

Hetian jade, "China's four famous jade" one (its three for Shaanxi Lantian jade, Liaoning xiuyu jade and Henan Dushan jade). The traditional narrow sense refers to the jade produced in Hotan, Xinjiang, which is famous for its "sub-materials". Hetian jade in the broad sense refers to nephrite (true jade). Although hetian jade is named after Xinjiang Hetian, it is not a regional concept, not specifically referring to the jade produced in Xinjiang Hetian region, but the name of a class of products. In China, more than 98% tremolite is named hetian jade, which is within the scope of national standards. [1-6]

When Qin Shi Huang unified China, hetian jade was called "jade of Kunshan" because it was produced in Kunlun Mountain. Later, it was called "Jade of Khotan" because it was located in the land of Khotan. It was not until the ninth year of The Guangxu Emperor of the Qing Dynasty (1883) when hetian Zhili Prefecture was established that it was officially named "Hetian Jade". [7]

The famous piece of Hetian jade is the Queen's Seal, a national treasure of the Western Han Dynasty, which is stored in The Shaanxi History Museum. It is made of Xinjiang Hetian amniocentric jade and is the only queen's seal of the Han Dynasty. It is the first batch of cultural relics forbidden to be exhibited abroad [8-12]. The Beijing 2008 Olympic Games emblem "Chinese seal", also using xinjiang hetian jade as material. [18] 13 -

The metamorphic rock formed by contact metasomatism between Hetian jade magnesian marble and intermediate-acid magmatic rock contains multiple mineral aggregates such as tremolite, hornblende and actinite. The chemical composition is water-bearing calcium and magnesium silicate, the chemical formula is Ca2(Mg,Fe2+)5[Si8O22](OH)2, the density is 2.95 -- 3.17, and the Hardness is between 6.0 -- 6.5. [19]

For a long time, the academia of hetian jade is according to the producing area to differentiate by it there is a big controversy or according to the mineral composition, December 17, 2013 and January 2014, China national regulatory commission and the national standard sample approval issued national standard technology committee GSB 16-3061-2013 "hetian jade material standard sample, formal -" hetian jade samples national standard regardless of the origin of a product, shall be defined according to its mineral composition.

The collection is introduced

Chinese name: Hetian Jade Mark Dustan double ring ear cap bottle

Hetian Yuxian double ring ear Cap Bottle

Specification: one piece

Appearance: Beautiful

Chendustan jade is actually Muslim jade or Islamic jade. The Chendustan jade ware was a very rare and special kind in the court of the Qing Dynasty. Chendustan was originally the name of Northern India in the Qing Dynasty, while Chendustan jade is generally referred to as the jade in the palace of Central Asia and other regions.

The Chendustan jade was a very rare and special kind of jade in the court of the Qing Dynasty. Chendustan was originally the name of Northern India in the Qing Dynasty, while Chendustan jade is generally referred to as the jade in the palace of Central Asia and other regions. According to one account, The name "Chendustan" was approved by Qianlong himself. Emperor Qianlong loved jade so much that the imperial court devoted more manpower and material resources to making it than any other emperor in history. Qianlong himself not only collected the jade, and personally involved in the identification, for the precious ware, often to inscription poems. According to the archives of the Qing Dynasty, Qianlong was personally involved in the selection and matching of the technical power of jade works. Under his direct initiative, many painters in the palace designed the drawings for jade works, which greatly improved the artistic expression of jade carvings. Because of this, many exquisite jade carvings appeared in the Qianlong Period, and some of them also borrowed the carving method of Chendustan jade, making the appearance of jade more artistic.

This cover bottle is flat bottle type as the body, the four dragons ears up and down four circle, and longnu mutual echo, and at the bottom of the bottle with phoenix grain, you can see a very long tail, head has a chicken hair, above hetian jade as coagulate fat, whole interpretation of jade hand temperature, surface formation hetian jade unique patina, more than a glass gloss, this is due to pure handmade, a jade take a lot of time, after finished product do extremely smooth surface has formed the luster of the similar patina, vitreous luster very warm feeling, his play can be static heart, viewing pleasure.

These three items pretty fine, elegant, very amplifier, both as a viewing, collection is belong to high-end collection, liu said, the collection will need to collect your, rare, depreciation, and the collection has been rise, now advocate culture and rejuvenating the country, this is the spirit of the excellent food a few pieces, and perfect appearance, has a very high economic value for collection.

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元符通宝宋朝元符通宝有篆、楷、行三种字体,有铜、铁两种材质。秦始皇统一六国后废废刀、布、贝等币,统一使用外圆内方的方孔钱。这样的设计源于古人天圆地方的世界观 洪武通宝明朝朱元璋称帝,颁布了五个等级的‘洪武通宝’ 政和通宝宋徽宗年间铸造的钱币,

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